Prevalence and Antibiogram of Urinary Tract Infections in Patients Attending Hospitals in Minna, Niger State.
S.O. Idakwo, J. D. Mawak, M. E. Abalaka
Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs), one of the most common bacterial infections, have become the frequent nosocomial infections and are frequently associated with catheterization. The study was carried out to assess the prevalence and antibiogram of UTIs in patients attending hospitals in Minna. One hundred and fifty seven patients were screened for the presence of significant bacteriuria. Samples were inoculated on Cystine Lactose Electrolyte Deficient agar, blood agar, and MacConkey agar for analysis. Bacterial identification was based on standard culture and biochemical characteristics procedure. Antimicrobial susceptibility profile of isolates was carried out by Kirby Bauer’s disc diffusion method. Significant bacteriuria was observed in 96/157 (61.15%) (P > 0.05). UTI was more common in among patients within age groups between 20 and 29 years. The most commonly isolated species from patients was Escherichia coli followed by Klebsiella pneumoniae. Variation in antimicrobial susceptibility pattern was observed in all isolates. Streptomycin (95.06%) was the most effective drug against Gram negative uropathogens. Susceptibility rates of Gram positive isolates were very low. Multidrug resistance exists among uropathogens in this study population. Regular surveillance and enhanced antibiotic stewardship should be encouraged in the study area.